Our Machines

There is always a clamour and whir of machinery emanating from our Mill. The rhythmic movements of the vintage machines are hypnotic: driving mechanisms on the spinners and gill boxes move up and down, as though they are breathing… every day the Mill is alive with the buzz of creativity. Our Mill is one of only a handful of small-scale worsted spinning mills still operating in the UK. We like to use fibre from sheep on our doorstep whenever possible and, with the help of his trusty team, transforms it into unique and sumptuous blends in the form of yarn and tops.

The Mill was founded in 2001 yet is strongly focused on tradition. John Arbon Textiles is based on a very simple concept: a return to old-style textile manufacture by sustainably sourcing raw fibre locally, wherever possible, and converting it in the UK into high quality tops and yarns, rather than racking up air miles by chasing the cheapest available labour.

All machines have been painstakingly collected and lovingly restored – many have been rescued from old, traditional mills as they closed down. The machines take a lot of time and care to look after (each named, to reflect their quirks, as they become part of the family) – tinkering with gears, belts, oil levels or adjusting cogs. Keeping them going is a labour of love, but we reckon that the resulting woolly treats are well worth it.

The process of transforming raw fibre into finished yarn begins with the scouring and carding process, both of which happens off site in the UK. Once the carded fibre returns to us at the Mill, it goes to one of the three gill boxes (Cuthbert, Ralph and A2D2) which begin the intricate process of straightening and aligning the fibre using a set of pins (similar to a hairbrush).  The fibre then journeys onto Clint (the comb) which removes any kemp and short fibres, before returning back to the gill boxes again. Each batch produced travels through the gill boxes a minimum of three times, and with every pass the fibre (at this point known as tops) becomes more even, drapey and lustrous.

Next these beautifully aligned fibre tops move onto the spinning machines: Butler, an old and steadfast sample spinner, and Kevin, a newer and bigger model (he is a 1980s French double drafting ring spinner and the largest machine at the Mill). Once spun, the singles rest for a week while the fibres relax into their new configuration – spinning yarn is not a process to be rushed!  When resting is complete, the singles are coned on either Rupert Lee or Gino (the Italian cone winder) and then plied on Mr. Boyd (the stately folding machine). Finally, the yarn is skeined on the oldest and most vulnerable machine, Gillian – a graceful lady, going strong since the early 1900s. She makes a comforting humming sound as she produces skein after glorious skein.

This process is a labour of love, and for that reason we will only work with fibre that excites us.

The Mill is situated in the heart of North Devon. The surrounding Exmoor landscape is an ever-changing vista of rolling moors, mossy wooded valleys and dramatic cliffs – all populated with a rich variety of local sheep breeds. As much as possible, we use the fibre which is reared and sheared on this land.  Whilst experimenting with different local breeds, we have found a few firm favourites, including Exmoor Blueface, a crossbreed of the Exmoor Horn and Blueface Leicester. This wonderfully bouncy fibre, with a hint of drape and lustre, is the staple ingredient in our signature Devonia yarn & tops range, and also Exmoor Sock 4ply. Zwartbles fibre is another favourite because of its long staple length and naturally dark brown colour.  We make a gradient Exmoor Zwartbles natural shade yarn, whilst also adding a dash to Harvest Hues yarn & tops and Exmoor Sock ranges for a wonderful depth of tone.

As not all sheep are suited to Exmoor’s damp climate, we source organically farmed Merino, Corriedale and Polwarth from the Falklands, taking care to ensure that the animals are farmed with the utmost respect and are mulesing free. Our innovative Merino yarn range, Knit By Numbers, is available in over 100 different shades – each colour available in a gradient of six shades, carefully calibrated by blending dyed tops with varying percentages of white.

All these wonderful blends, textures and more can be found on the pages of our website. But if you would like to see our woolly wares in person, then we wholeheartedly recommend visiting our Mill Open Weekend, or finding us at an upcoming show.

Each day at the Mill is different, but the one constant is the satisfaction. The hours of work and skill that go into producing one of our yarn and tops ranges is reflected in the dedication of a knitter, spinner or crocheter during the intricate journey from beginning to finished garment – both are a harmony of tradition and creativity. Every hand-crafted item has its story, and so too does every skein of yarn and bump of tops made here at John Arbon Textiles.

For More Info, take a look at the links below:



Our production concept is simple – a return to old style manufacturing, sourcing raw fibre (locally wherever possible) and converting it in Britain into high quality, luxury yarns and fibre tops. To help bring this to life we work closely with Andrew Bowman of Wooltops. He is our Wool agent and sources many of the beautiful fibres we make into tops and yarns at our Mill.

Wooltops, set up by Andrew’s grandfather, has an established supply chain that is 100% committed to focusing on the traceability of its wool products. Sourcing from the UK whenever possible, the British Falkland Islands, and from selected farms around the world, Andrew gets to know the farmers he works with and their sheep farming techniques that produce (Mulesing-free) premium wool. Andrew works closely with spinning mills that share his ethos and enthusiasm (this is where we come in) so the passion shines through. Wooltops and John Arbon Textiles together, specialise in taking wool from the farm right through to the highest quality spun yarn.